Fluctuation-Response Theorem for the Active Noisy Oscillator of the Hair-Cell Bundle.


The hair bundle of sensory cells in the vertebrate ear provides an example of a noisy oscillator close to a Hopf bifurcation. The analysis of the data from both spontaneous and forced oscillations shows a strong violation of the fluctuation-dissipation theorem, revealing the presence of an underlying active process that keeps the system out of equilibrium. Nevertheless, we show that a generalized fluctuation-dissipation theorem, valid for nonequilibrium steady states, is fulfilled within the limits of our experimental accuracy and computational approximations, when the adequate conjugate degrees of freedom are chosen.

PRL 109, 160602 (2012)